Step by step guide to making Latte, Cappuccino & Flat white

When preparing espresso based coffee beverages, it is a good practice to have the milk and espresso drink prepared simultaneously, to achieve the best flavor from your coffee beverage. If you are unable to simultaneously prepare them both, or the espresso machine you are using is not equipped with a steam wand, prepare the milk before the

espresso drink. The process of steaming the milk will be demonstrated by using a regular steam wand and not the panarello steam tip.

How to make Latte

Lattes are made with espresso drink and steamed milk with a small layer of foam on top of the beverage.

Preparing steamed milk

Steamed milk can be prepared with a steam wand or with an automatic milk frother. Steaming milk with a steam wand does require learning a few techniques to get the job done properly.

Steaming milk with a steam wand

Pour 6 oz. of cold milk into a milk

pitcher. For best results you may also

use a cold pitcher when steaming the milk.

Purge the steam wand to clear the tip of the old milk or settled water. This is done by turning the steam on the espresso machine on and off for a second or two.

Place the tip of the steam wand inside the milk and position the steam wand slightly off the center of the pitcher.

The position and placement of the steam wand is the key to getting the

milk rolling successfully inside the pitcher, so it can break up larger bubbles in order to create microfoam and achieve the whirlpool effect.

Turn on the steam wand with the tip slightly below the surface for 2-3 seconds. Do not turn on the steam wand before placing the tip of the wand into the milk.

As the milk begins to rise, raise pitcher just enough to get the tip of the steam wand below the surface of the

milk.

Turn off the steam wand and remove it from the steamed milk when the pitcher is a bit too hot to hold. If you are using a thermometer, turn off the steam wand once the temperature of the milk is at or around 135 degrees Fahrenheit. Wipe excess milk from the steam wand and purge the wand again once the steaming is done.

Steaming milk with an automatic milk

frother

Typically, an automatic milk frother

comes equipped with two discs, one for frothing and one for steaming the milk. Place the whisk for steaming milk inside the frother.

Plug in the milk frother and pour desired amount of cold milk inside the carafe of the frother.

Turn on the frother and let the milk steam. The frother is automatic; therefore you will not be required to do anything but to press the button to get the frother going. The frother will

automatically shut off when the process is done. Pour the milk in a milk pitcher or a jug with spout to better pour it into the prepared coffee.

Making the espresso drink

Items that you will need:

An espresso machine

Freshly roasted coffee beans, not older than two to three weeks. Espresso pod for espresso pod machines

Coffee bean grinder

An espresso tamper

5 or 6 oz. coffee cup

Knock out old coffee ground and clean out the portafilter before you use it. Espresso drinks are made using freshly grounded coffee (older coffee grounds inside the portafilter will affect the taste of the espresso drinks). Use a coffee grinder to grind coffee beans into the portafilter. A shot of espresso drink requires at least 7 grams of finely and consistently grounded coffee beans. If the ground is too course, the water will quickly seep through the coffee and the espresso will not have as much flavor and will be a lot

weaker than normal. Enough coffee should be grinded to have a small mound over the top of the portafilter. You will then use your finger to create a level surface and distribute coffee grind evenly in the portafilter.

Use the tamper to apply pressure evenly to the coffee beans in the portafilter. Place portafilter at the edge of the counter instead of applying pressure to the spouts of the portafilter. Turn the tamper in the portafilter to remove excess coffee ground from the

bottom of tamper and to get coffee.

Run hot water through the group head to ensure that the water that will be used in the extraction process is hot enough. Return the portafilter to the group head and securely lock it into place on the espresso machine.

Place the coffee cup on the espresso machine beneath the portafilter. Press the brew button on the espresso machine to start the extraction process. A shot of espresso will take between

25 and 30 seconds to complete.

If you are extracting with a pod espresso machine, place espresso pod inside the machine and press the espresso brew button on the machine. Once the extraction is done, raise pod lever to remove used pod from the machine.

Once the shot of espresso is extracted, remove cup from espresso machine and add steamed milk. Before pouring the milk into the espresso drink, swirl

milk around in pitcher and slightly tap bottom of the pitcher on the counter top. This will improve the consistency of the milk and break up any large bubbles inside the milk. This is especially important to do if the milk is prepared before the espresso drink and set aside for a minute or two.

The milk should be poured slowly into the coffee cup, allowing more steamed milk into the beverage. Tilt the coffee cup slightly and start pouring the milk into the cup at the center of the espresso drink, placing the tip of the pitcher close

to the surface of the crema. While pouring, slightly shake the pitcher when the coffee cup is almost filled to add some foam to the drink.

As the small layer of foam is poured into the drink, break the crema layer of the espresso drink as little as possible. This small layer of foam can be used to create latte art when pouring.

How to make Cappuccino

Traditionally, a cappuccino is 1/3 foam, 1/3 espresso, and 1/3 steamed milk, that creates a pleasant balance between steamed milk, espresso and foam. To complement this balance, the beverage is served in a 5 to 6 oz. of ceramic cup. If the espresso machine is capable of extracting espresso and steam milk simultaneously, you should prepare the milk while the espresso shot is being prepared. For optimal taste and quality of the espresso drink, it should be mixed with milk within 30 seconds after the

extraction. When preparing the milk keep in mind that the milk used in the cappuccino drink requires a lot more foam than a latte beverage.

Preparing frothed milk

Frothing milk with a steam wand

Pour 4 oz. of cold milk into a milk pitcher. For best results, you may also use a cold pitcher when steaming milk. You will not use as much milk when frothing as you do when steaming milk. The milk will increase more in the volume when frothing than when steaming, as more air is incorporated.

Purge the steam wand to clear the tip of the old milk or settled water. This is done by turning the steam on the espresso machine on and off for a second or two. Old milk will affect the taste of the coffee beverage, so you will need to get rid of any to reduce the possibility of any flaws in the finished beverage.

Place the tip of the steam wand inside the milk and position the steam wand slightly off the center of the pitcher. As

with steaming milk, the position and placement of the wand will allow the milk to roll successfully inside the pitcher and break up larger bubbles to create microfoam.

Turn on the steam wand with the tip slightly below the surface in the first 2-3 seconds. Do not turn on the steam wand before placing the tip of the wand into the milk.

As the milk begins to rise, lower the pitcher just enough to keep the tip of the wand near the surface of the milk.

The tip of the steam wand should always be at the surface of the milk to allow air to be constantly added to the milk and produce more foam.

Turn off the steam wand and remove it from the frothed milk when the pitcher is a bit too hot to hold. If you are using a thermometer, turn off the steam wand once the temperature of the milk is at or around 135 degrees Fahrenheit. Wipe the excess milk from the steam wand and purge wand again, once the frothing is done.

Frothing milk with an automatic milk

frother

Typically the automatic milk frothers come equipped with two discs, one for frothing and one for steaming milk. Place the whisk for frothing milk inside the frother.

Plug in the milk frother and pour desired amount of cold milk inside the carafe of the frother. There are maximum and minimum milk level indications inside the carafe of the automatic frothers.

Turn on the frother and let the milk steam. The frother is automatic – therefore, you will not be required to do anything but to press the button to get the frother going. The frother will automatically shut off when the process is done. Pour the milk in a milk pitcher or a jug with the spout to better pour it into the prepared coffee.

Making a Cappuccino using an

espresso machine

Items that you will need:

An espresso machine

Coffee beans freshly roasted less than two to three weeks. Espresso pod for espresso pod machines

Coffee grinder

An espresso tamper

5 or 6 oz. of ceramic cappuccino cup Clean your portafilter and use a grinder to grind coffee beans into the portafilter. A shot of espresso drink requires at least 7 grams of finely and consistently grounded coffee beans. Enough coffee should be grinded to have a small mound over the top of the portafilter. You will then use your

finger to create a level surface and distribute coffee grind evenly in the portafilter.

Use the tamper to apply the pressure evenly to the coffee beans in the portafilter. Place portafilter at the edge of the counter, instead of applying pressure to the spouts of the portafilter.

Turn the tamper in the portafilter to remove excess coffee ground from the bottom of tamper and get coffee inside the portafilter.

Run hot water through the group head to ensure that the water that will be used in the extraction process is hot enough. Return the portafilter to the group head and securely lock it into a place on the espresso machine to begin extracting the drink.

Preheat the coffee cup on the cup heater or by using the steam wand. Place the coffee cup on the espresso machine beneath the portafilter. Press the brew button on the espresso

machine to start the extraction process. The shot of espresso will take between 25 and 30 seconds to complete extracting. If you are extracting with a pod espresso machine, place espresso pod inside the machine and press the espresso brew button on the machine. Once the extraction is done, raise pod lever to remove used pod from the machine.

Once the shot of espresso is extracted, remove the cup from the espresso machine and add frothed milk to the

espresso drink. Before pouring the milk into the espresso drink, swirl the milk around in the pitcher and slightly tap the bottom of the pitcher on the counter top. This will improve the consistency of the milk and break up any large bubbles inside the milk. This is especially important to do if the milk is prepared before the espresso drink and set aside for a minute or two. The milk should be poured quicker than latte and flat white beverages, to allow as much foam as steamed milk to go into the coffee cup.

This also allows the steamed milk to mix with the espresso, while the foamed milk will sit at the top of the beverage. Start pouring at the center and slowly outwards the end of the cup.

How to make Flat White

Typically, the flat white is made by combining two shots of espresso and steamed milk. The flat white does not contain as much steamed milk as a latte drink, but has more espresso drink. It is traditionally served in a 165 ml ceramic,tulip-shaped coffee cup; however, different variants of cup sizes are sometimes available at coffee shops worldwide. The drink has a much stronger coffee flavor than the latte, because unlike the latte, the flat white does not feature the sweetness of the

milk, and instead the espresso compliments the taste of the milk.

Preparing steamed milk

Steamed milk can be prepared with a steam wand or with an automatic milk frother. Steaming milk with a steam wand does require learning a few techniques to get the job done properly.

Pour 6 oz. of cold milk into a milk pitcher. For best results you may also use a cold pitcher when steaming the milk.

Purge the steam wand to clear the tip

of the old milk or settled water. This is done by turning the steam on the espresso machine on and off for a second or two.

Place the tip of the steam wand inside the milk and position the steam wand slightly off the center of the pitcher.

Position and placement of the wand is the key to getting the milk rolling successfully inside the pitcher, so it can break up larger bubbles and create microfoam.

Turn on the steam wand with the tip slightly below the surface for 2-3 seconds. Do not turn on the steam wand before placing the tip of the wand into the milk.

As the milk begins to rise, raise the pitcher just enough to get the tip of the steam wand below the surface of the milk. This will allow the milk to roll and break up the larger bubbles to produce smaller microfoam

Turn off the steam wand and remove it

from the steamed milk when the pitcher is a bit too hot to hold. If you are using a thermometer, turn off once the temperature of the milk is at or around 135 degrees Fahrenheit. Wipe excess milk from the steam wand, and purge wand again, once the steaming is done.

Steaming milk with an automatic milk

frother

Typically, the automatic milk frothers

come equipped with two discs, one for

frothing and one for steaming milk.

Place the whisk for steaming milk inside the frother.

Plug in the milk frother and pour the desired amount of fresh, cold milk inside the carafe of the frother.

Turn on the frother and let the milk steam. The frother is automatic; therefore, you will only have to press the button to get the frother going. The frother will automatically shut off when the process is done. Pour the milk in a milk pitcher or a jug with the

spout to better pour it into the prepared

coffee.

Making the espresso drink for flat

white beverage

Items that you will need:

An espresso machine, preferably with steam wand.

Fresh coffee beans, lightly roasted, less than two to three weeks. Espresso pod for espresso pod machines.

Coffee bean grinder

An espresso tamper

A spoon

Heated, tulip shaped, 165 ml ceramic cup.

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