One of the most popular espresso drinks, a cappuccino done right should be equal parts espresso, steamed milk and foamed milk (about 60 ml each).
With 60 ml of espresso, 60 ml of chocolate and 30 ml of steamed milk, a mocha is a the right choice if you want something sweet.
The latte gets its name because it’s full of milk. It is generally just a 60 ml shot of espresso with 300 ml steamed milk — and only 2ml foamed milk.
Cafe Au Lait
If you prefer brewed coffee over espresso, cafe au lait is for you. It’s just a pampered cup of coffee — calling for warm, steamed milk in place of cold milk.
If you like the taste of espresso, but don’t like how quickly it goes you’d be happy with an Americano. It’s a shot of espresso (30 ml) with twice the amount of water (60 ml).
The noisette is one step between the machiatto and the latte. It’s a big shot of espresso with half of that amount in hot milk.
With a macchiato you get a shot of espresso (or sometimes two) with just a dot of foamed milk.
Doppio means double in Italian, and that’s exactly what you get with espresso. Rather than the expected 30 ml shot of espresso, a doppio gets you a 60 ml shot.
A small shot of caffeine — but more than enough to get the job done — usually about 30 ml.
A ristretto is the coffee choice for those who like to get straight to the point. It’s a very concentrated espresso shot — only 22 ml.